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Contatta Romolini Immobiliare


Versilia s located in the north-western part of Tuscany and is one of the most renowned areas of Italy. It is entirely included in the province of Lucca and includes the municipalities of Pietrasanta, Seravezza, Stazzema, Viareggio, Forte dei Marmi, Camaiore and Massarosa. In the past, it was only a swampy strip of land and was part of the so-called Fosse Papiriane. Starting in the 15th century, the area stated to be reclaimed and quickly became a sought touristic destination. The original separation between Upper Versilia (Pietrasanta, Seravezza, Stazzema and Forte dei Marmi) and Lower Versilia (Viareggio, Camaiore and Massarosa) is no longer used. The Tyrrhenian Sea in Versilia is characterized by beautiful beaches, art cities, culture and beautiful landscapes. Really known are the coastal pine woods, the most important of which is located near Pietrasanta (80 hectares).

Leading sector of the economy is without a doubt, the touristic one. The coastline is made up of a long golden sandy ranging from Torre del Lago towards Golfo dei Poeti (30 km in total) and is dotted by beach resorts. Among the 147 Italian municipalities rewarded for their beaches, four are located in Versilia: Camaiore, Viareggio, Forte dei Marmi and Pietrasanta.

With Romolini Immobiliare – Christie’s International Real Estate it is possible to rent sea view villas, exclusive apartments, hotels and luxury villas with pool in the most beautiful places of Versilia.



The first traces of human presence in Versilia date back to the Pliocene. Ligurians settled in the numerous natural caves of the region but they never reached a civilized state and never learnt farming and forging. The first real civilization in the area was the Etruscan one.

The Ligurians managed to survive the Etruscan invasion during the 4th century b.C. by moving towards the sea. However, the war started by the Roman consuls Marcus Bæbius Tamphilus and Publius Cornelius led to the ultimate defeat of Ligurians in 180 b.C. and the colonization of the region by Roman settlers from Lucca. Several villas were built in the area, mainly along the Via Aurelia and the rich iron vein offered occupation to the settlers and the region flourished for several centuries.

Paganism was ultimately eradicated during the 5th century a.D. by the work of the bishop San Frediano. Byzantines completed the Christianization process until the Longobards’ arrival and the consequent inclusion of the region in the Duchy of Tuscia, which led to the foundations of several fortified towns.

When Franks conquered the region in 774 a.D. the duchy was renamed and known as Mark of Tuscia and as such it lived on for the whole early Middle Ages, first under the Holy Roman Empire and then in the hands of the powerful Canossa family.

With the Grand Duchess Matilda’s death (1119), the duchy of Lucca became a commune leaving however the Versilia in the end of the Genoeses. In 1460 the government of Lucca founded Viareggio in order to have an access to the sea and in 1513, with a decree by the pope Leo X Medici, the whole region was annexed to the Medici’s domain.

The Florentine period was particularly prosperous for the region, mainly thanks to Michelangelo Buonarroti who noted the peculiar quality of the marble quarried in the region, giving impulse to an activity which would be the fortune for Carrara. Forte dei Marmi was founded around the homonym keep which had been built to offer marble convoys a safe route to the sea for shipping.

In 1617 Viareggio became administrative center of the Vicaria del Litorale and saw an incredible demographic and commercial expansion. Under the Napoleonic rule the first beach resorts were instituted and built, and they proved to be successful right from the beginning. During the 19th century Forte dei Marmi was chosen as a privileged destination by the high bourgeoisie and still nowadays Versilia remains a high level touristic destination.

The last swamp recoveries carried out during the Fascist era in the 1920s marked the definitive affirmation of the region as a touristic destination. As of today, the most renowned and visited centers of the riviera are Viareggio, Forte dei Marmi, Marina di Carrara e Pietrasanta.



- Viareggio was founded in 1172 by the citizens of Lucca in response to the necessity of a harbor on the sea and was initially built in a swampy location, reclaimed over time. Its importance grew with the passing of time and is nowadays a primary commercial and touristic centre. In 15th century the necessity of protection for the harbor led to the construction of the Torre Matilde, still visible and excellently preserved. A good portion of the city (historic centre included) dates back to no prior than the 19th and 20th century. Heart of the city is the coastline, where dream villas have been built (Villa Puccini, Villa Argentina, Villa Crastan-Arrighi and Villa Paolina). Viareggio is also equipped with a fishing dock, which is the most important of the whole Versilia. Among the main attractions is the famous Carnevale, first launched at the end of the 19th century and characterized by beautiful chariots and masks.

- Forte dei Marmi is known for the beautiful beaches, its numerous boutiques and the many night-life locals. This allowed for an elitist tourism in one of the most beautiful locations of Italy. Symbol of Forte dei Marmi is the “Fortino”, a keep built in 1788 by Leopoldo I Lorena to further increase the safety of the area and favor the settlement. Forte dei Marmi built its reputation for the marble quarried nearby and is nowadays a modern and comfortable city. The harbor was previously used to ship marble across the world. One of the most famous discos of Italy is located in Forte dei Marmi: Capannina di Franceschi.

- Camaiore was founded under Roman rule and developed throughout the Middle Ages on a terroir that ranges from the coastline (Lido di Camaiore) to the Apennines Mountains. Landmarks worth visiting are the Pieve di Santo Stefano, the Badia di San Pietro, the Collegiata di Santa Maria Assunta, the many palaces and the bell tower. Lido di Camaiore is the heart of the shopping in Versilia thanks to the numerous beach resorts and the many boutiques.

- Pietrasanta boasts innumerable artistic, cultural and environmental riches, and is a pivotal centre for marble and copper working. Among the landmarks are Piazza del Duomo, the Collegiata di San Martino, the Baptistery, the Torre delle Ore, the Duomo di San Martino, the Ghibelline Keep and the may 16th century palaces. The city reaches the coastline, where it boasts some of the most beautiful and renowned beaches of Versilia (Marina di Pietrasanta). The Villa in the Parco della Versiliana has become famous after hosting, among its guests, Gabriele d’Annunzio at the beginning of the 20th century. Marina di Pietrasanta is split into four zones: Fiumetto, Tonfano, Focette and Motrone.

- Massarosa is the historically most import important site of Versilia and still boasts numerous traces of its glorious past. In the municipality one can see many remains dating back to the Roman Empire, among which the beautifully preserved thermal plants.

- Serravezza is located in the Upper Versilia and is one of the most peaceful town of Tuscany (if not Italy). Interesting landmarks are the Palazzo Mediceo and the Duomo di San Lorenzo e Barbara.

- Stazzema is located in the Upper Versilia too, on the slopes of Monte Matanna and is the sole mountain-only municipality of the region. Stazzema is sadly known for the massacre perpetrated by the SS on 12 August 1944 which claimed the life of 560 among men, women and even children.

With Romolini Immobiliare – Christie’s International Real Estate it is possible to rent sea view villas, exclusive apartments, hotels and luxury villas with pool in the most beautiful places of Versilia.


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