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Contatta Romolini Immobiliare

A BIT OF HISTORY...

The first people to settle in what is nowadays Emilia-Romagna were Etruscans, Celts and Umbrians which founded several towns, among which we must recall Felsina (Bologna), Parma and Spina.

The 3rd century BC saw the arrivals of Romans submitting local people and imposing their rule over the region. The Via Aemilia, built by order of the consul Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, gave its name to the region and favored the foundation of numerous cities, among which Modena, Piacenza, Fidenza and Reggio Emilia. At the end of the Republican era, the river Rubicone was chosen as the Republic’s border (one could never cross it followed by an army).

During the first phases of the Empire, Augustus placed in Ravenna the naval presidium of the Adriatic sea, bringing wealth and prosperity to the city. This acquired importance led the emperor Honorius in 402 a.D. to move the capital of the Empire to Ravenna, also considering the highly defendable position protected by swamps.

With the fall of Rome (476 a.D.) the Italian peninsula was ravaged by Germanic populations and Emilia-Romagna was enclosed in the Ostrogothic Kingdom led by Theodoric. During the 6th century Longobards occupied the hinterland of the region, while the coastline was conquered by Byzantines who instituted the Exarchate of Ravenna, giving the region the name Romania.

The Byzantines kept Ravenna under control until 751 when Longobards finally managed to besiege and capture the city, de facto bringing the whole Emilia Romagna under their power. The descent of Franks overturned the Langobardic Kingdom but the kings Pippin III and Charlemagne refused to give back the Byzantines the land they had previously owned, gifting them instead to the Pope in exchange for its recognition of their imperial power.

The Langobardic family of Canossa managed to keep a good degree of autonomy in the region until 1155 with the death of the Grand Duchess Matilde, an event which marked the beginning of the Communal era in Emilia-Romagna. It was a culturally rich period which led to the institution of the University of Bologna and the rise of some of the longest-lived duchy in the region: Ferrara, Modena and Reggio, Parma and Piacenza.

The State of the Church kept its power uninterruptedly until the 18th century, exception made for a brief hiatus (1499 – 1507) when Romagna was ruled by Cesare Borgia with the approval of his father Rodrigo Borgia (at the time pope with the name of Alexander VI). 

The French domination started in 1796 led to the institution of several Republics in the northern Italy: the region was initially included in the Cispadane Republic and then united with the Transpadane Republic to form the Cisalpine Republic. This last republic adopted the three-colors flag which would then became the national Italian flag.

The Congress of Vienna (1815) reestablished the old administration and this new status quo lived on until November 30, 1859, when Carlo Farini unified the two independent region of Emilia and Romagna prior to their annexation to the Kingdom of Italy with the Referendums of November 11 and 12, 1860.

From then on, the region followed the Kingdom of Italy through the two World Wars and in the following transition from monarchy into republic in 1946.


EMILIA ROMAGNA - EXCLUSIVE PROPERTY FOR SALE IN ITALY - SEASIDE



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